A set of three orthogonally aligned torque rods wired up so they can generate a magnetic dipole field of either sign (i.e. flip the North and South. Magnetic Torquers. These devices interact with the Earth’s magnetic field and create control torque, which can be adjusted to the required value. Combined with. In this work the issue of acceleration disturbances onboard of GRACE due to magnetic torquers is investigated and discussed. Each of the.

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This either necessitates a very high current in the coils, or much higher ambient flux densities than are available in Earth orbit. A further advantage over momentum wheels and control moment gyroscopes is the absence of moving parts and therefore significantly higher reliability. Torqkers spinning satellite made of a conductive material will lose rotational momentum in Earth’s magnetic field due to generation of eddy currents in its body and the corresponding braking force proportional to its spin torqiers.

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Typically three coils are used, although reduced configurations of two or even one magnet can suffice where full attitude control is not needed or external forces like asymmetric drag allow underactuated control. Magnetorquers are lightweight, reliable, and energy-efficient. Equating the tlrquers torque with the rigid-body rotational equations of motion:. As long as current is passing through the coils and the spacecraft has not yet been stabilized in a fixed orientation with respect to the external field, the craft’s spinning will continue.

Magnetic Torquer VMT – VECTRONIC Aerospace

That field is controlled by switching current flow through the coils on or off, usually under computerized feedback control. This makes it possible to freely pivot the craft around in a known local gradient of the magnetic field by only using electrical energy. Post Your Answer Discard By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you acknowledge that you have read our updated terms of serviceprivacy policy and cookie policyand that your continued use of the website is subject to these policies.


Unlike thrustersthey do not require expendable propellant either, so they could in theory work indefinitely as maynetic as sufficient power is available to match the resistive load of the coils. That said, the field is weak, so the actual torque produced by torque rods is very small.

The math behind them turns out to be really simple. Over time active control can produce very fast spinning even here, but for accurate attitude control and stabilization the torques provided often aren’t enough.

Torque rods are used to desaturate these effectors which accumulate momentum due to disturbance torques like atmospheric drag, and to de-spin satellites e. This torque only has two degrees of freedom, i. Archived from the original pdf on All articles with unsourced statements Articles with torquere statements from November Articles with unsourced statements from December However, remember that the magnetic field lines around the Earth are themselves a dipole toequers, which is a toroidal shape.

Home Questions Tags Users Unanswered. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This means as the spacecraft orbits the Earth it encounters a diversity of Earth magnetic field orientations and in general the time-averaged effect of this field diversity enables full 3-axis control.


Without resistance, it will overshoot the pole, making it difficult to exactly line up on an axis. This page was last edited on 2 Decemberat A magnetorquer or magnetic torquer also known as torque rod is a satellite system for attitude controldetumbling, and stabilization built from electromagnetic coils.

Retrieved from ” https: The dependence on the highly variable intensity of Earth’s magnetic field is also problematic because then magnettic attitude torquer problem becomes highly nonlinear. Sign up or log in Sign up using Google.

A set of three orthogonally aligned torque rods wired up so they can generate a magnetic dipole field of either sign i. However, there are different ways to obtain the coil, thus according to the construction strategy it is possible to find three type of magnetorquer, apparently very different from each other but based on the same concept [1]:. I’m trying to better understand the mathematics behind how torque rods work.


Math is very frequently helpful torqers spaceflight.

A broader disadvantage is the dependence on Earth’s magnetic field strength, making this approach unsuitable for deep space missions, and also more suitable for low Earth orbits as opposed to higher ones like the geosynchronous.

If you are lined up perfectly with the magnetic field, you cannot control your rotation about the field. Torque rods rely on the change in direction of the Earth’s magnetic field, which is especially problematic in equatorial orbits because to first order the field has a constant inertial direction.

This is not always possible within the energy constraints of the vessel. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie PolicyPrivacy Policyand our Terms of Service.

ZARM Technik: Magnetic Torquer

Subsequently, the torques provided are very limited and only serve to accelerate or decelerate the change in a spacecraft’s toquers by minute amounts. Post as a guest Name. The magnets themselves are mechanically anchored to the craft, so that any magnetic force they exert on the surrounding magnetic field will lead to a magnetic reverse force and result in mechanical torque about the vessel’s center of gravity.

The magnetorquer creates a magnetic dipole that interfaces with an ambient magnetic field, usually Earth’sso that the counter-forces produced provide useful torque. The magnetic dipole generated by the magnetorquer is expressed by torquuers formula:.