It identifies its author by the names ‘Kauṭilya’ and ‘Vishnugupta’, both names that are traditionally identified with Chanakya (c. – BC), who was a scholar. He is considered the author of the Arthashastra, meaning a texts on wealth. Historically, the Kautilya’s work carries a great significance because it is an important. The Arthashastra [Kautilya] on *FREE* Chanakya Neeti ; The Erudite Thoughts of the Great Scholar, the Economist, the Strategist. Chanakya.

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Essays in Honour of John F.

Arthashastra – Wikisource, the free online library

RichardsCambridge University Press, pp. The extensive responsibilities of the state for promoting economic wellbeing and preserving law and order demand an equally extensive administrative machinery. The Arthashastra discusses a mixed economy, where private enterprise and state enterprise frequently competed side by side, in agriculture, animal husbandry, forest produce, mining, manufacturing and trade. He reveals the imagination of a romancer in imagining all manner of scenarios which can hardly have been commonplace in real life.

Mazib Mohammad If you can interpret it in the context of today’s world, then yes. He who carries off a virgin by force shall be fined panas; if the virgin thus carried off has golden ornaments on her person, the highest amercement shall be imposed.

Thomas Trautmann states that the Arthashastra in chapter 3. When a person breaks the dam of a tank full of water, he shall be drowned in the very tank.


As the duty of a king consists in protecting his subjects with justice, its observance leads him kautilys heaven. Welfare in the Arthashastra is not just an abstract concept.

The Arthashastra – Kautilya

A woman, hating her husband, cannot divorce her husband against his will. Violation of the above rules shall be liable to half the punishment levied for defamation and criminal hurt. No man who has connection with a virgin that has passed seven menses and has not yet succeeded in marrying her, though she has been betrothed to him, shall either be guilty or pay any compensation to her father.

Violence towards an attendant of high birth shall entitle him to run away. Without government, rises disorder as in the Matsya nyayamud bhavayati proverb on law of fishes. Hence he shall employ ministers and hear their opinion. Journal of the American Oriental Society. It asserts, in chapter 4. Who are the “friends” that Kautilya writes of? Recovery of Debts An interest of a pana and a quarter per month per cent is just. These duties also meant that the King needed an elaborate support system.

More recent scholarship has disagreed with the characterization of Arthashastra as “Machiavellianism”. Most people know little of what Kautilya actually said in the Arthashastra.

He’s made the effort of writing a more comprehensive summary; I’ll stick with a few brief comments. Kautilya and His Arthashastra.

The text has been translated and interpreted by Shamashastry, Kangle, Trautmann and many others. The blind of the same animals shall be the special shares to the middlemost sons.

Kangle published a critical edition of the text, based on all the available manuscripts. Although I obviously can’t comment on the details of modern intelligence methods, I was surprised by the variety of his methods. It is also not certain whether Chankya was truly chajakya minister in the court of Chandragupta Maurya, though legend attributes the success of Chandragupta in ascending the throne to the acumen and cganakya planning of Chanakya.

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Sons of a deceased debtor shall pay the principal with interest. A woman who hates her husband, who has passed the period of seven turns of her menses, and who loves another, shall immediately return to her husband both the endowment and jewelry she has received from him, and allow him to lie down with another woman. Mar 27, Hadrian added it Shelves: The ancient Sanskrit text opens, in chapter 2 of Book 1 the first chapter is table of contentsby acknowledging that there are a number of extant schools with different theories on proper and necessary number of fields of knowledge, and asserts they all agree that the science of government is one of those fields.

If the plaintiff runs away, he shall be guilty of parokta. The content was interesting enough though and showed a lot of insight into the ancient empires of India.

Buildings Houses, fields, gardens, buildings of any kind, lakes and tanks are each called Vastu.