Political theory and the multicultural society. Bhikhu parekh. Cultural diversity in modern societies takes many forms, of which three are most common. First. Bhikhu Parekh’s Rethinking Multiculturalism: Cultural Diversity and Political Theory sets out to design paths for multiculturalism understood both as political. Kelly, Paul () Situating Parekh’s multiculturalism: Bhikhu Parekh and twentieth-century British political theory. In: Uberoi, Varun and.
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In some societies minority communities are recent arrivals; in others they have lived for centuries; paremh yet others they were brought by colonial powers and retain an insider—outsider status.
Since different communities have different historical backgrounds and needs and face different kinds of threats, they might demand different kinds of rights and powers. Buy the selected items together This item: The individuals and groups involved share and are happy with the wider culture, and are only concerned to open up appropriate spaces within it to express and live by their choices in the relevant areas of life.
Parekh presents a model of how to think when trying to find a solution and demonstrates the application of the model to the following issues in great detail, female circumcision, polygamy, Muslim and Pardkh methods of slaughtering animals, arranged marriages, scarring of children’s cheeks, Muslim practice of withdrawing their school-going girls from sports that expose parts of their bodies, Muslim girls wearing the heap or headscarf in schools, Parek refusal to wear helmets rather than their traditional turbans when driving motor cycles, requests by Hindus to cremate their deceased on a funeral pyre and the subordinate status of women including the denial of opportunities for their personal development chapter 9.
Rejecting naturalism, which posits that humans have a relatively fixed nature and that culture is an incidental, and “culturalism,” which posits that they are socially and culturally constructed with only a minimal set of features in common, he argues for a dialogic interplay between human commonalities and cultural differences. Its central insights are three, each of which is sometimes misinterpreted by its advocates and needs to be carefully reformulated if it is to carry conviction.
If the minimum that the bhkkhu insists upon is essentially liberal in nature and cannot be shown to be morally binding on all, it cannot be demanded of non-liberals without violating their moral autonomy. Third, contemporary multicultural societies have emerged against the background of nearly three centuries of the culturally homogenizing nation-state.
Political theory and the multicultural society
It followed Islamic ideals and was run by Muslims who alone enjoyed full rights of citizenship, the rest enjoying extensive cultural autonomy but few political rights.
One multiculturwlism important positive development is that several successful global companies, like IBM, GE and Unilever, are seeing cultural diversity as one of their most important success factors, for two reasons, first, the world is diverse and only if the company employees mirror this diversity can the company understand the needs of present and potential customers, second, business success in the future depends more than ever on innovation.
The traditional political theory either ignores this subject altogether or gives a highly misleading account of it. While different citizens would develop different emotions towards their community, what is necessary to sustain it and can legitimately be expected of them is a basic commitment multicutluralism its integrity and well-being, what one might call patriotism or political loyalty.
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Bhikhu Parekh: Political theory and the multicultural society / Radical Philosophy
In the former, multiculturality lies at the very heart multiculturalsim society; in the latter it is largely marginal. Since the state required cultural and social homogenization as its necessary basis, it has for nearly three centuries sought to mould the wider society in that direction. Amazon Restaurants Food delivery from local restaurants. In short, both contemporary Western society at large and the consciousness of its individual members are characterized by an interplay of different mutually regulating and historically sedimented impulses that are too complex to be neatly distinguished into liberal and non-liberal.
World opinion demands adherence to a minimum body of universal values embodied in the current bhikhhu on human rights. Parekh writes about the dangers of avoiding ignoring diversity as well as if diversity is over addressed. Find it on Scholar. Indeed, since they took each culture to have a distinct and unique spirit or ethos of its own, they ended up arguing that different cultures not only could not but did not need to talk to each other and even found such a dialogue threatening to their identity.
Parekh presents useful guidance on how these dialogues should be organised. The modern state represents a very different view of social unity.
Yi Zhong Qiu He: Third, most modern societies also include several self-conscious and more or less well-organized communities entertaining and living by different systems of beliefs and practices.
Each culture was a well-knit and selfcontained whole, and entailed its own distinct form of moral and political life. History of Western Philosophy. Patriotism is not the monopoly of the conservatives, and the socialists, the radicals and the communists can be loyal to their community just as much as and even more than they are.
It is caused by, among other things, the manner in which the wider society defines itself, the demeaning bhiku in which the rest of its members talk about these groups, and the dismissive or patronizing ways in which they treat them. He defends his pluralist perspective both at the level of theory and in subtle nuanced analyses of recent controversies. Multiculturalis, text was criticized from other cultural authors based on his opinions in the book.
Bhikhu C. Parekh, Rethinking Multiculturalism Cultural Diversity and Political Theory – PhilPapers
A Commitment to Cultural Pluralism”. Postcolonial Interventions Within Science Education: The American Whites, for example, take a demeaning view of Blacks partly under the influence of the racist culture, partly because this helps them justify the prevailing system of domination, and partly because the deeply disadvantaged Blacks do sometimes exhibit some of the features that confirm White stereotypes.
When the dominant culture defines the minorities in a demeaning way and systematically reinforces it by all the institutional and other means at its bhikju, they consciously or unconsciously internalize the negative self-image, lack self-esteem, and feel alienated from the mainstream society. Cultural diversity in modern societies takes many forms, of which three are most common.
Although individuals are not determined by their culture in the sense of being bgikhu to take a critical view of it and to appreciate and learn from others, they are not transcendental beings contingently and externally related to their culture.
In some societies, minority communities largely wish to be left alone; in others they interact with and seek suitably to reconstitute the wider society.
A Journal of Social and Political Theory 56 These and other groups represent neither subcultures — for they challenge the very basis of the existing culture — nor distinct cultural communities living by their values and views of the world, but distinct perspectives on how the shared culture should be reconstituted.
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